Support to Jordanian communities hosting Syrian refugees
Jordan is currently hosting 588,979 refugees, of which an estimated 80 per cent live in host communities. This number includes only Syrian refugees registered with UNHCR. the number of Syrian refugees is considered to be much higher by national authorities. The large influx of Syrian refugees into Jordan is overstretching the absorptive capacity of these Jordanian communities; as the population grows, service delivery deteriorates and the competition for resources intensifies, particularly in northern Jordan. In response the Government of Jordan (GoJ) in coordination with the United Nations and international organizations, has establishedthe Host Community Support Platform (HCSP) in order to improve coordination of support to Jordanian host communities to strengthen social cohesion and build resilience of host communities. The HCSP supports the National Resilience Plan 2014 – 2016 which identifies priority investments required to reduce the impact of the Syrian crisis on Jordanian host communities, notably on a number of key sectors such as: education, energy health, housing, livelihoods and employment, municipal services, social protection, and water and sanitation.In this context, a good understanding of community and refugee dynamics can inform evidence-based and targeted assistance in support to both hosting communities and refugees.
REACH Assessment in Jordanian host communities
With support from the British Embassy in Amman, REACH undertook assessments in Jordanian host communitieswith the objective to develop a better understanding of the dynamics that have emerged in these communities as a result of the Syrian refugee crisis, and to support an evidence-based approach to prioritizing interventions within and between communities. REACH applied a three steps methodology designed to sharpen the understanding of the context both in terms of geographical focus and depth of data. Firstly, macro-level assessment at a community level is conducted this assessment includes information through focus groups discussions and key information interviews. Secondly, micro-level assessment collecting information through household interviews is conducted by REACH team to provide in-depth analysis of trends, needs and access to key services. Finally, a thematic assessment can be conducted by REACH team is information is needed on a specific sector (e.g. youth employment). The findings from this assessment are available in a Preliminary Baseline Report and a comprehensive final report will be shortly released.